Monthly Archives: May 2016

How to Treat Childhood Obesity

Being fat can be one of the worst things that can happen to any person. Believe me I’ve been through that phase, and life does become a living hell. You are the center of attention everywhere you go, and not in a good way. People laugh at you and look at you with sorry eyes. You are a joke for the entire school and one of the most infamous guys/girls in the entire block just because of your weight. No one likes you because of your appearance, and no matter how talented or good you are, if you can’t look good people actually despise you. The problem of childhood obesity is one of the leading causes of depression in young kids and parents don’t know what to do about it. They cannot put them on medications or drugs, as they are too young and it is unhealthy, they feel confused all the time and feel very hurt for their own offspring. If you are one of those parents whose young one is dogged by excess body weight, this article on how to treat childhood obesity is going to be very helpful.

You won’t believe, but modern technology is one of the main causes of childhood obesity. Yes, it is given us a life which we always wanted, and made this world a better place to live in, but it has also given mankind a string of unhealthy diseases and disorders which are out there to destroy the whole generation. With the introduction PC and video games kids have become addictive to TV and computers, and they sit in front of the idiot box for hours, sometimes forgetting to even blink. Technology has also made the food that we consume attractive but unhealthy. All these processed foods like burgers, fries, chips and fried chicken are loaded with calories and unhealthy oils which contribute to unhealthy weight gain. If you look at childhood obesity statistics, you will be shocked to know that about 60% of kids in the US prefer fast foods, more than a healthy homemade diet. This addiction to all unhealthy foods and drinks is one of the prime causes of childhood obesity.

Treatment of Childhood Obesity

Being obese is an invitation to various other illnesses. An obese child is vulnerable to depression, muscle pain, heart attack, a string of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and even mental illnesses like depression, suffering from inferiority complex and an anti social personality. The good news is there are many things that you as a parent, to make sure that your kid loses that unhealthy fat and steps out from the world of obesity.

  • Never demean or de-motivate your child regarding his/her weight. Show your kid how much you love him/her, and you are ready to help him/her lose those extra pounds. Encourage your kid to participate in sports and other outdoor activities. Give them nutritious homemade meals instead of a burger or a pizza.
  • Understand what’s the cause of your kid’s obesity. Is it the overeating, lack of physical activity or genetics. Have a look at your family’s medical history and maybe you will understand what’s wrong. Take your kid to a doctor to check his/her BMI (Body Mass Index) and learn what can you do to improve your child’s condition.
  • Encouragement is very important in these crucial times. Encourage them to play sports, or perform some kind of physical activity where they will lose some calories and bust some sweat.
  • Limit the consumption of fast foods and aerated drinks to once a week. This is one of the best ways to stop extra calories from getting accumulated in the body.
  • Make them spend more time out, rather than playing video games or watching TV. Don’t let them be a couch potato.

I hope this information on treating childhood obesity has helped you understand how to handle such delicate matters. Overweight children are going to suffer from a lot of emotional problems so you have to make sure that you don’t diminish their self-esteem. Never call them names, they must be facing enough of that in school and from friends. Just be there to love them, and guide them to a path of losing weight.

How do People Cope with Cancer

When people are diagnosed with cancer, they lose their peace of mind. They are sad, shocked, frustrated, and angry about the diagnosis. They do not talk properly and blame everything on God. Is this the way to deal with cancer? Absolutely not! Being diagnosed with cancer does not mean the end of the road. With advancement in medical field, there always exists a possibility of a cancer cure. So why should you shed those valuable tears unnecessarily? Here are some tips to cope with cancer.

Change your Attitude
Your goal should be to move forward and maintain a positive approach towards life. Do not allow negative thoughts to occupy your mind. Read inspirational books like The Power of Positive Thinking by Dr. Norman Vincent Peale. Such books help to cultivate positive belief in oneself. Patients must believe that they too can become cancer free. There is no need to remain quiet, instead enjoy every moment of life and talk freely with your family and friends on topics that you like.

Read Inspirational Stories
Another way that has been effective for dealing with cancer is to read interviews and stories of people who have successfully dealt with cancer. This will definitely bring hope and happiness as well as restore your confidence. Talking to cancer survivors can help to deal with the situation in a positive manner.

Stay Healthy
By incorporating a healthy lifestyle, you can achieve a fine balance that guarantees a smile on your face and spring in your footsteps. You can practice yoga, as it promotes a relaxed state of mind and increases energy levels. There are patients who eat less and go into semi-starvation mode. This must be avoided, as it can make matters worse. Having proper food will help you to respond to treatment in a better way. If you are starting any new exercise program, consult your doctor and make sure it is appropriate and recommended for cancer patients.

Strive for Inner Peace
You will have a hard time adjusting, if you keep on grumbling about your condition. Spirituality can help you reclaim your lost composure. Prayers and meditation can reduce your pain and despair to a great extent, as they give mental strength to handle any disease effectively.

Complementary Therapies
It is a well-known fact that music and laughter have healing powers. You can attend music and humor workshop, as well as massage therapy sessions to relieve emotional pain. A general massage can help uplift your spirits and improve your sleep.

Remember, it is possible to beat cancer and improve the quality of your life. All you need is a fighting spirit and an active life to cope with cancer.

Chemotherapy Side Effects

Chemotherapy is administered to treat various types of cancers. Cancer is a life-threatening disease caused by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. Cancer cells or malignant cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymphatic system. There are various types of cancers, such as lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, colon cancer, skin cancer, liver cancer, etc. Major categories of cancer are carcinoma, sarcoma, leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma as well as cancers of the central nervous system. If cancer is diagnosed in its early stage, the chances of healing are more.

How Does Chemotherapy Work?

Chemotherapy is the most common treatment method for different types of cancers. It involves the use of chemicals to prevent the growth of cancer cells. The drugs used in this therapy are known as ‘anticancer drugs’, and they destroy the malignant cells. These drugs are classified into various groups such as alkylating agents, antimetabolites, anti-tumor antibiotics, topoisomerase inhibitors, mitotic inhibitors, corticosteroids, and related medications. Chemotherapy can be administered intravenously, given orally in the form of a pill, or injected into the body cavity. Generally, this treatment is given in cycles. Each cycle is administered every 1 to 4 weeks, and there is a rest period between every chemo cycle.

The chemo drugs act by killing the cancer cells, thereby preventing them from spreading and slowing their growth and multiplication. Many a time, a combination chemotherapy of two or more chemo drugs may be given at a time. Some drugs restrict the effect of certain hormones in the body. The therapy can be given before or after surgery. If given before surgery, it is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy, which aims at shrinking the tumor before it is surgically removed. If given after surgery, it is known as adjuvant chemotherapy, which focuses on killing the cancer cells left after the surgery. Sometimes, the chemo drugs are administered in combination with radiotherapy, biological therapy, or surgery.

Side Effects: A Detailed View

Chemotherapy is a systemic cancer treatment that can affect the entire body. The chemo drugs work by destroying rapidly-dividing cancer cells. But, these drugs are not able to differentiate between malignant cells and normal body cells. Malignant cells as well as some other normal cells like those in the blood, intestinal tract, nails, hair, mouth, and vagina are constantly dividing. The chemo drugs travel throughout the body and destroy normal healthy cells in the bone marrow, digestive tract, hair follicles, mouth, and reproductive system. Some of them affect the cells in the lungs, heart, bladder, kidneys as well as the nervous system. This can lead to many side effects.

The severity of the side effects depends upon the type of drugs administered and the patient’s overall health. They can be acute (short-term), chronic (long-term), or permanent. Some common side effects are constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, hair loss, and certain blood-related symptoms such as anemia. Other side effects include intestinal problems, loss of appetite, weight loss, nerve and muscle problems, sore mouth, gums, and throat, dry and discolored skin, kidney and bladder irritation as well as sexuality and fertility issues.

Hair loss

Temporary hair loss (alopecia) is one of the depressing consequences of this therapy as it affects your appearance. Hair follicle cells are one of the rapidly dividing cells in the body. Since the chemo drugs cannot differentiate between these cells and malignant cells, they destroy healthy hair follicles cells, leading to hair loss.


It is one of the most common side effects which is observed. It can lead to loss of appetite, constipation, and dehydration. Moderate to severe nausea can also cause vomiting.

Diarrhea and constipation

The cells in the intestinal lining are among the rapidly growing normal cells that are destroyed during chemotherapy, causing diarrhea. Diarrhea during cancer treatment is also due to anxiety, stress, malnutrition, or colon surgery. It can cause stomach pain and cramping, bloating, nausea, loss of appetite, and skin irritation. Some pain relievers and anticancer medications can cause constipation. These symptoms may also occur if your diet doesn’t contain adequate amount of fibers or fluids.

Allergic or hypersensitivity reaction

Chemo drugs can lead to allergies or hypersensitivity reactions triggered by the immune system response. Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction, which can cause low-blood pressure, shock, and even death. Major symptoms of allergic reactions are breathing difficulty, skin rashes, hives, flushing (redness of the face and neck), swelling of the eyelids, lips and tongue, and systemic reactions such as liver and kidney diseases.

Skin problems

Skin problems such as rashes, or dry, flaky, cracked, and itchy skin may occur.


Most cancer patients complain of tiredness, lack of energy, and fatigue. It is due to pain, loss of appetite, lack of sleep as well as low blood count. Fatigue appears suddenly and can last for several days, weeks, or months.

Mouth and throat sores

Anticancer drugs can cause irritation of the tissues of the mouth and throat, resulting in bleeding. They may also lead to tender gums and sore throat. Mouth sores, also known as stomatitis or mucositis, cause swollen, red ulcers in the oral cavity. The patient is unable to talk, eat, chew, or swallow due to painful ulcers.

Nerve and muscle effects

In some cases, anticancer drugs affect the nerves, leading to peripheral neuropathy. Therefore, the symptoms like weakness, burning, tingling, pain or numbness in the hands or feet can be experienced. Some drugs cause weakness or soreness of the muscles. Nerve and muscle-related problems can also lead to symptoms such as loss of balance, pain when walking, shaking or trembling, jaw pain, stomach pain, and hearing loss.

Suppressed bone marrow

Blood cells like white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets are produced in the bone marrow. Since the therapy targets rapidly dividing cells, it affects the bone marrow cells. As a result, the production of blood cells in the bone marrow is suppressed, increasing the risk of infections.


Reduced ability of bone marrow to produce red blood cells can cause a decrease in their number. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to all parts of the body. Due to deficiency in red blood cells or anemia, body tissue is deprived of sufficient amount of oxygen. Anemia causes symptoms like fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, weakness, and tiredness.


Chemotherapy causes diminished production of white blood cells (leukopenia) in the bone marrow, leading to weakened-immune system, which makes your body more vulnerable to infections. Infections are mainly due to bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. Some common areas of infection are mouth, throat, lungs, sinuses, skin, intestine, and genital tracts. Major signs and symptoms of infection are swelling, redness, and pus at the site of injury, mucus or pus in the saliva, cough, nasal drainage, sore throat, high fever, chills, and a burning sensation during micturition.

Bleeding or clotting problems

Due to suppressed bone marrow functioning, the number of platelets decreases. Platelets play a major role in the process of blood clotting, and thus, prevent bleeding. Reduced platelet count leads to symptoms like unexpected bruising, longer bleeding after minor cuts, nosebleeds or bleeding gums, vaginal bleeding other than menstruation, hematuria, black or bloody stool, headaches, and changes in vision.

Flu-like symptoms

Some people experience flu-like symptoms, a few hours after the chemo cycle. These symptoms include headache, nausea, tiredness, chills, slight fever, loss of appetite, and muscle and joint pain.

Effect on sexual organs

The therapy can affect sexual organs in both men and women. The anticancer drugs can lower the sperm count, which may result in temporary or permanent infertility in men. Anticancer drugs can affect the ovaries and hormonal levels. This can cause menopause-like symptoms (dry vagina and hot flashes), and temporary or permanent infertility in women.

In spite of these side effects, chemotherapy is one of the most effective treatment options for various types of cancer. In most cases, the side effects disappear after the treatment is stopped. These effects can be prevented by taking appropriate medications, maintaining proper hygiene, intake of dietary supplements, and following a healthy lifestyle that includes a healthy diet and regular exercises.